Dive into the cutting-edge technology transforming neuroscience research.
The development of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) could be the most important technological breakthrough ever recorded for those who are severely disabled or immobile.
Brain-computer interfaces enable users to manipulate computers and machinery with only their thoughts. This emerging technology is making progress toward becoming more practically usable and could possibly change the lives of severely disabled patients forever by allowing them to interact with their environment.
In this white paper, we will be discussing:
- Type of BCIs and the Development Timeline
- Current and Future BCI Market Size
- Technical Complications Limiting BCIs
- Companies in the BCI Space
- Future Directions and Predictions
Download the Brain-Computer Interfaces Paper
Exploring Brain-Computer Interface Technology
Learn the different types of BCIs, how they were developed, notable limitations and where this technology could be headed in the future.
A History of BCI Technology
Research on BCIs began in California during the 1970s. These findings led to the emergence of the expression brain–computer interface. BCI research and development was, and still is, focused primarily on neuroprosthetics applications that can help restore impaired sight, hearing and movement. The mid-1990s marked the appearance of the first neuroprosthetic devices designed for human-use. Based on brain imaging technology, the BCI looks for brain activity in real time and can recognize specific patterns of frequency or energy when you think a certain way and can take action based off these thoughts.
Types and Development of BCI
There are five types of BCIs today which are either “open loop” or “closed loop.” The first BCIs were open loop and allowed brain wave signals to flow from acquisition to output by either a computer or prosthetic device. Since then, closed loop BCIs were developed. These BCIs can record signals from the brain and nervous system, decode them and then encode new information back into the nervous system. With the development of closed loop technology, the potential BCI market for health applications has rapidly expanded outside of severe neuromuscular disorders and into disease indications such as Alzheimers, Parkinson’s, addiction and depression.
BCI Market Predictions
Present research is focused on non-invasive BCI, unlike the traditional BCI model that requires implanting a mechanical device in the brain, which then tends to control it as a natural part of the body. Brain interface devices used today also often require deliberate conscious thought, while prospective future applications are expected to work effortlessly. BCI companies have made significant progress in building a less invasive implant and improving the overall effectiveness of the technology. The beginning of human clinical trials in 2020 will spark further interest in this space, increasing the capital invested and most likely speeding up development.
Want to learn more about Brain-Computer Interfaces?
Download the white paper to read the full report.